History of the Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a descendant of the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland and is the smallest member of the spitz family of dogs. The tail curled over its back is similar to its relatives, the malamute and the Samoyed. The breed gets its name because it was developed in areas of Germany and Poland, which were then known as Pomerania. At that time, Pomeranians were larger in size than what's common today.
In the late 1800s, Queen Victoria of England owned Pomeranians and allowed them to be shown in a conformation show, resulting in a growth in popularity of these spunky dogs. It's believed that this is when the Pomeranian started being bred down to a smaller size.
The Pomeranian gained popularity in the United States around the turn of the 20th century and remains a popular dog breed. They were officially recognized as a breed by the American Kennel Club in 1888.
Two Pomeranians were among the three dogs that survived the sinking of the Titanic in 1912. Both escaped in lifeboats with their owners, Margaret Hays and Elizabeth Barrett Rothschild.
Poms also have a medium-high energy level, so routine exercise is highly recommended. Try offering daily walks and frequent play. Poms will also enjoy the chance to run around occasionally (and they don't need much space to do it). They have good endurance and you can take them on walks of over 5 miles without ending up carrying your pooch. Good leash training and management is important as Poms don't realize they're small dogs and may fearlessly confront larger dogs.
Because of their small size, a Pom can be injured from rough handling by a child. A Pom may not be a good fit for a family with small children until the kids are old enough to learn to handle dogs with care.
Poms can be good in a multi-pet household with cats and other small dogs. However, you'll need to socialize your dogs well if introducing a Pom to a household with larger dogs, or vice versa. A Pom won't back down from a fight with a larger dog and may be injured even in rough play.
While Poms do fairly well in cool weather, they can overheat in hot weather. They're best as house dogs, with some access to fenced areas for play. Keep in mind that they can be preyed upon by large birds such as owls or hawks or land predators such as the coyote.
Poms are good for apartment living, but you also need to consider their tendency to bark. They're excellent guard dogs in that they will alert you to any nearby movement. But they have big voices for tiny dogs and this may be a nuisance.
A Pomeranian may be more difficult to housebreak than some breeds. Be prepared to have puppy pads and cleaning supplies handy.