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Health Care Information

HYPOGLYCEMIA

Hypoglycemia is defined as abnormally low blood glucose (sugar) levels. The brain requires sugar for normal function and has very limited ability to store glucose. Blood glucose levels are regulated by a complex interaction of bodily processes. Puppies especially toy breed puppies are predisposed to developing hypoglycemia because they have less ability to store and mobilize glucose compared to older dogs. Puppies need frequent meals to prevent hypoglycemia.

They signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia includes lethargy, weakness, incoordination, seizures, nervousness, tremors and hunger. In severe cases the puppy may become unconscious or go into a seizure.

Hypoglycemia is an EMERGENCY. A small amount of Karo syrup (clear) or Nutri Cal. Another small amount should be given in just a few minutes. You should call your vet and tell him that you suspect hypoglycemia and follow your vets instructions.


To prevent hypoglycemia it is necessary the puppy eat well at least 5 times daily. You can give your puppy a few licks of Nutri-Cal in the morning and at night. This, along with seeing that your puppy eats well can be the best preventative of hypoglycemia.

When you take your puppy into your vet for their first vet visit please talk with your vet about hypoglycemia. Ask your vet what phone number to call in case your puppy has hypoglycemia during times they are closed.

PLL :  Primary Lens Luxation

Canine Lens Luxation Basics

Elizabeth A. Giuliano, DVM, MS

Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists

Assistant Professor, University of Missouri, College of Veterinary Medicine

The lens of the eye normally lies immediately behind the iris and the pupil, and is suspended in place by a series of fibers, called zonular ligaments. It functions to focus light rays on the retina, in the back of the eye. When partial or complete breakdown of the zonular ligaments occurs, the lens may become partially dislocated (Lens Subluxation) or fully dislocated (Lens Luxation) from the lens’ normal position. Movement of the lens forward through the pupil into the Anterior Chamber of the eye is termed Anterior Lens Luxation. Movement of the lens backwards into the Vitreous Chamber of the eye is termed Posterior Lens Luxation.

What Causes Lens Luxation?

Lens Luxation can occur for a several different reasons.

Primary Lens Luxation is a heritable disease in many breeds, including many terrier breeds (Jack Russell, Bedlington, Fox, Manchester, Miniature Bull, Scottish, Sealyham, Welsh, West Highland White), Tibetan Terrier, Border Collie, Brittany Spaniel, German Shepherd and Welsh Corgi. In these breeds, spontaneous luxation of the lens occurs in early adulthood (most commonly 3-6 years of age) and often affects both eyes, although not necessarily at the same time. Primary Lens Luxation is caused by an inherent weakness in the zonular ligaments which suspends the lens.

Lens Luxation can also occur secondary to other primary problems of the eye, including inflammation, cataracts, glaucoma, cancer, and trauma.

What is the Significance of Lens Luxation?

Lens Luxation can lead to inflammation (Uveitis) and Glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure). This can result in painful, teary, red eyes that may look hazy or cloudy. Both Uveitis and Glaucoma are painful and potentially blinding diseases if not identified and treated early.

How is Lens Luxation treated?

In all cases, a thorough eye exam by your veterinarian or a veterinary ophthalmologist is required, with careful evaluation for uveitis and glaucoma. If detected early, surgical removal of the lens can be beneficial. Medical treatment of inflammation and glaucoma in the form of topical and oral medications can relieve much of the discomfort associated with this disease.


We have all our dogs DNA tested for PLL and clear from PLL or  DNA Clear By Parentage


OFA's Policy on DNA Clear By Parentage

As a greater number of DNA based disease tests become available, a policy regarding the clearing of offspring out of DNA tested parents has become necessary.

For direct mutant gene tests only, the OFA will issue clearances to untested offspring, if the sire and dam have both been DNA tested "clear," if the sire and dam’s DNA disease test results have been OFA registered, and if all three (sire/dam/offspring) have been DNA identity profiled and parentage verified. The DNA profile paperwork must be submitted along with a completed OFA DNA-based disease test application. The resulting OFA certification will have a suffix of "CBP" (clear by parentage), indicating that the dog itself was not tested and that the clearance was based on the sire and dam’s test results, and known science at the time. Because of the possibility of new mutations or as of yet undiscovered gene mutations, only first generation offspring will be cleared.

For linkage or marker based tests where a margin of error including both false positives and negatives exists, the OFA will not issue any clearances to untested dogs.

DNA based disease screening is an evolving area. This policy is subject to change by action of the OFA Board of Directors as technology and science advance.

Coccidiosis

 Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease that affects canines and humans. It is one of the most prevalent infections second only to giardia. The diseases caused by microscopic protozoal parasites referred to coccidiosis. Mild symptoms may go unnoticed such as mild diarrhea. The causative agent is a protozoan and has the ability to multiply rapidly. This will cause major damage in the intestinal wall. Several stages of multiplications will occur before the final stage, the oocyst is passed in the feces. Oocysts are resistant to environmental stress and difficult to remove from the environment. This will pass on to other dogs/puppies and start a new life cycle and spread to every dog/puppy in the area. I treat all my puppies 10 days before taking them for their Health Check up. You can use a drug with sulfadimethoxine like Albon from your vet which will cost your alot of money or you can buy Sulfadimethoxine 12 1/2% solution(generic Albon) on line from Piccardmeds4pets with a prescription from your vet. I mix this with Dyne High Calorie Supplement.  Mix the Sulfadimethoxine 12 1/2% with the Dyne High Calorie Supplement will be the same as the 5% Albon solution you would get from your vet. Mix 5 ozs of Dyne High Calorie Supplement and 4 ozs of Sulfadimethoxine 12 1/2%.  You will give 1 teaspoonful per 10lbs of body weight as initial dose and follow by 1/2 teaspoons of per 10lbs of body weight every 24 hours for a total of 10 days. You may give this in the food or given to each puppy by mouth. experience to create great text-content, all you need is an idea and a keyboard.


How to eliminate coccidia?

Identification, isolation and treatment of infected dogs/puppies.

Treatment

Clean and keep kennel areas clean with 8 ozs of bleach to one gallon of water. Leave for 20 minutes  then wash off with water and let dry before letting dogs/pups back in the area. Do not let any new dogs/pups in the area for a month. Always keep the area clean and make sure you clean their water and food dish. 

Always talk with your vet and ask for their advise to make sure your dogs/pups are in the best health. A good vet will tell you that the above info will be the best care for your dog/pup.



Antibiotics

First I am not a vet. All info is from what I have learn from the internet, other breeders.
Before you use any of the meds PLEASE talk with your vet first. Your vet may tell you not
to use the below meds and charge you alot more for his/hers meds. It's up to you to use your
vet's meds or the below meds. I tell you to check with your vet first before using the below meds to make sure you use the right med for the infection.
Always do some reading on the internet and get the info for yourself first hand. You may find yourself needing the below meds and it's the week end or a long week end or may not be able to get to your vet, if so please advise your vet that you have used the below meds for treatment. Bring in the med and tell your vet how much and when you have given your pup/dog the meds.
Thanks and I hope this will help you keep your pup/dog in good health.

Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin: This is a general "all purpose" antibiotic that is cheap and easy to come by, but it does not knock down staph infections. The oral dosage for amoxicillin is 10 mg per pound of dog, given every 8 to 12 hours, depending on the severity of the problem. The fish-version of amoxicillin (Fish-Mox) can be ordered in 250 mg capsules without a prescription from Revival Animal Health or any other online pet store. You probably have some old amoxicillin around the house from the last time you got sick. This is fine to use even if "expired" more than a year ago. Expiration dates on non-liquid antibiotics are a marketing tool (i.e. they encourage people to throw good drugs down the drain) and have no scientific basis -- a fact demonstrated by the U.S. military.

Cephalexin

Cephalexin: This is one of the best drugs for skin and wound infections and It is easy to come by without prescription, and inexpensive. Two common brand names are Keflex and Celaxin, and it is often prescribed for acne. Cephalexin only comes in oral form, and the dose is
15 mg per pound of body weight, given every 8 to 12 hours depending on the severity of the problem. If you are using a maintenance dose, give it every 12 hours. If the dog has an infection already, use it every 8 hrs.
Either Cephalexin or Clavamox  are “must have" drug for your vet kit. The fish-version of cephalexin is called cefalexin (Fish-Flex) and can be ordered in 250 mg capsules without a prescription. The 250 mg capsule
is a perfect dose for a 15 pound dog.

Penicillin

Penicillin: If it's the capsule form, forget it unless it's the only antibiotic you have. A lot of infections are immune to penicillin, and it generally works to help a staph infection . If this is the only antibiotic you have and you are on a desert island, use it, but otherwise look for something stronger. Indictable penicillin is not worth the trouble when we have so many other readily available options, such as cephelaxin (Fish-Flex).

Clavamox

Clavamox: This is very similar to amoxicillin but is a bit stronger and this one will knock down a staph infection -- an important difference between the two drugs. Clavamox will also treat respiratory infections and ear infections, so it's a good all-rounder, as is cephalexin. Clavamox is only given orally. The oral dose is 6.25 mg per pound, and it comes pre-packaged in foil strips in 3 sizes. There are 62.5 mg for 10-pound puppies, 125 mg for 20 pound dogs, and 250 mg for 40-pound dogs. The most common human version of Clavamox, is called Augmentin and most parents have some old tablets around the house. Although both Clavamox and Augmentin are expensive, they are worth it because they work for a lot of different kinds of problems. Your dog may throw up on Clavamox or Augmentin  this is not terribly unusual if your dog has a weak stomach. Clavamox can be ordered from www.lambertvetsupply.com but you will need to fax them a prescription from your vet. Again, check around the house; you may have Clavamox in your medicine cabinet

Baytril

Baytril: This is a pretty powerful antibiotic, and should only be given when other antibiotics have failed or if the dog already has a serious infection. Baytril works very well for skin, ear, wound, urinary, and mammary infections. In tablet form the dose for Baytril is 5.7 mg per 5 pounds of weight given orally twice a day (every 12 hours). For a 20 pound dog you would give one of the 22.7 mg tablets every 12 hours, or two of the 22.7 mg tablets once a day. Baytril can be ordered from  www.lambertvetsupply.com but you will need to fax them a prescription from your vet. It is fairly expensive .